Tumor is a debilitating condition that affects a person not only physically but emotionally, financially and psychologically too. Brain tumor can be a very scary diagnosis, for the patient as well as the family. It can affect or develop in men and women of all ages and races. Brain tumor is referred to an abnormal mass of cells that grow uncontrollably. The primary brain tumor develop in the brain tissue itself while secondary ones develop when the tumor cells from other part of the body migrate and start growing in the brain.
There are over 120 types of brain and central nervous system tumors, including both benign and malignant. While meningioma is an overwhelmingly benign brain tumor, most patients live a normal life after the treatment. There are other kinds of tumors that are very difficult to treat. The treatment plan of brain tumour commonly includes surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The choice of treatment will depend on the type, location, size and stage of the tumour the patient has. Cancer treatment can be expensive and money-draining. Top medical travel destinations such as India offers economical packages with assurance of high quality services. The cost for brain tumor surgery in India, although lower than most nations, depends on multiple factors. These include the choice of hospital, surgeon’s experience, type of surgical technique used, whether any other therapy such as chemotherapy is being delivered, and many more.
Cancer is a tough battle and demands a lot of patients and resilience. However, most cancers patients when diagnosed early have better prognosis and survival rate. They also face lesser need of aggressive treatment and in fact the likelihood of successful treatment increases. Though, many signs and symptoms of brain tumour might not be easily noticed or can be confused with symptoms of other conditions, there are some that can be helpful indicators. It is important to get a doctor’s opinion if you suffer from such symptoms, especially if there is a family history of cancers, or any other risk factor.
Here are few symptoms to look out for brain tumor:
- Unusual headaches
Everybody gets headaches at some point, some people for more often than others. Though not every headache is a cause for worry. There can a headache due to staring at screen for long, inadequate sleep or general some health issues. However, a persistent and severe headache might be because of tumor and it is best to get it checked.
Also, the changes in frequency, type and intensity of headache can be a reason to visit a neurologist. A severe headache with or without nausea or vomiting can be serious. Although, nausea is also experienced by people who have migraines, it's still worth a medical consultation with an expert, especially in cases where the migraines are new or worsening.
Seizures are usually caused due to electrical changes in the brain. They can occur due to certain medical conditions, and one of them is cancerous tumors. These tumors press on the brain cells surrounding them, causing changes or problems with the electrical signaling.
A seizure due to a disorder is generally categorized by recurring seizures, rather than a tumor. However, having even one seizure means that you need to get it checked by a doctor as soon as possible.
- Feel changes in memory
A tumor in the temporal or frontal lobes of the brain can cause frequent forgetfulness and short-term memory loss as this part controls the memory. However, this can take over months to years in some patients, or patients might be thought to have a dementia condition before imaging tests are done to diagnose a brain tumor.
- Vision and speech changes
Persistent double vision can occur due to tumor or other medical conditions, and it should reported to a doctor as soon as possible. Many a time, vision changes are more subtle and patients may not even be aware of vision loss that is being caused by brain tumors. Some may keep bumping into things, particularly on the side of the body that is related to the vision loss or some may consider it just weakening of eyesight.
- Nausea, vomiting and fatigue
This is a general symptom associates with many types of tumor. Nausea can also happen due to a number of reasons, such as pregnancy or upset stomach. However, persistent nausea and vomiting, without any apparent explanation, should propel a visit to the doctor.
If this is accompanied by unexplained weight loss or feeling weakness all the time, especially in your arms or legs, it could be a sign of a brain tumor in the frontal lobe motor cortex. This is because this part has the neurons and neural pathways that control the muscles. Aslo, if there is a feeling of weakness or numbness on one side of the body or a person has trouble dressing, it could be an indicator to a tumor in a certain location that controls balance and coordination.